Support for Learning

Dyslexia

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia can be described as a continuum of difficulties in learning to read, write and/or spell, which persist despite the provision of appropriate learning opportunities. These difficulties often do not reflect an individual’s cognitive abilities and may not be typical of performance in other areas.

The impact of dyslexia as a barrier to learning varies in degree according to the learning and teaching environment, as there are often associated difficulties such as:

  • auditory and/or visual processing of language-based information
  • phonological awareness
  • oral language skills and reading fluency
  • short-term and working memory
  • sequencing and directionality
  • number skills
  • organisational ability
  • Motor skills and co-ordination may also be affected.

How can you help your child?

  • Encourage the use of language skills to help build a wide range of vocabulary – talking, rhymes, singing, listening, reading stories, audio books.
  • When talking to your child, use as many pictures and objects as possible.
  • Make sure written information is easy to read with a clear type.
  • Make a pictorial/visual timetable or task list.
  • Be direct and use short sentence when giving instructions.
  • Encourage creative and visual talents.
  • Encourage learning through play and games – make it enjoyable.
  • Make use of computers/tablets, free software and apps – reading from a computer screen is often easier than reading handwriting, text recognition software can read words back.

Additional information

Advice from the British Dsylexia Association

Additional Support – Parent Zone